As the Society will know, historians tell us that Spain was one of Rome’s first overseas provinces beyond their Italian islands (Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica).
The Roman Empire conquered Hispania in 218 BC and took on a process of imposing their cultural practices to the native population of the Iberian Peninsula which remained under Roman control for longer than most parts of their Western Empire, with northeastern Spain under at least nominal Roman control until 474 CE.
The arrival of the Romans in Iberia was no accident. They landed there as a military force determined to defeat their rivals, the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginians were already well established on the Iberian Peninsula, and as long as they controlled it, they were a threat to Roman expansion. The war in Iberia lasted some 12 years after which, Carthage was finished as a Mediterranean power.
The Romans claimed to be the liberators of tribes under Carthaginian dominance, but once in Iberia, they soon realised the economic potential of the territory.
As early as 197 BC, Rome signalled its intentions by dividing the east coast and inland into two provinces, Hispania Ulterior and Hispania Citerior.
The Romans introduced the Latin language to their new territory. It is generally held that the Spanish language has derived many of its rules of grammar and syntax from Latin, and around 75% of Spanish words have Latin roots.
Six hundred years of Roman presence in the Iberian Peninsula inevitably left indelible traces as in all lands they occupied. Research and evidence found in towns or in the countryside, the sculptures, jewellery and artefacts in the museums are palpable witnesses to the passage of a great civilisation. Apart from Roman language, law and Christian-Roman religion have permeated Spanish life, albeit modified by subsequent generations
In return for cereal, food preservation techniques, wines, olive oil, minerals, soldiers for the army, writers and emperors, Spain was left with a rich Roman legacy, the building blocks for its own identity.
When the Roman Empire collapsed at the beginning of the 5th century, Hispania was wrenched from those political and cultural ties that had kept it attached to another power’s destiny. It was cut adrift and left without an internal political or cultural “infrastructure” of its own, a focus around which it could organise itself, it was as vulnerable as Rome itself to the incursions of new invaders. They came and they stayed.
In 711, the Moors arrived from North Africa and remained until King, Boabdil, the last Naṣrid sultan of Granada was removed in 1492.
During this full illustrated presentation, we will remind ourselves of the Roman legacy throughout the country and ask members for their own reminisces and experiences of travel when seeking out this rich legacy.
Two pensioners ride a motorcycle with a tent and primus stove from Ushuaia to Alaska meeting a President, some wild bears and too many guns in the “worlds most dangerous city”. Travelling from Brazil to Ushuaia is the same distance as London to Islamabad. From there they headed north on the infamous Ruta 40 and crossed the Andes heading for the Atacama desert. Eventually they arrived in Alaska. Nigel and Sharyn will be giving us a talk about their epic trip along the Pan American Highway by motorcycle. Please join us and hear their tale.
More detail about Jan's presentation will be available shortly.
Full details about the society's Christmas Party will be available soon.
More details about Paul's presentation will be available shortly.
More detail about Mike's presentation will be available shortly.
More detail about Alan's presentation will be available shortly.
More detail about John's presentation will be available shortly.
More detail about David's presentation will be made available shortly.
More information about Angels's presentation will be made available shortly.